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Jabal Shams


Jabal Shams (جبل شمس) (sometimes also spelled as Jebel Shams) is the highest mountain in Oman, right in the heart of the Western Hajar Mountain chain in Al Dakhiliyah region, which also host Jabal Akhdar. Jabal Shams is one of the must-see attractions for any visitor to Oman, with views of the Al Nakhr Canyon so spectacular to be labelled as “The Grand Canyon” of Arabia, as well as its mild climate, exciting trekking paths and off-road adventures it offers.


Jabal Shams literally means the “Sun Mountain” in Arabic, and it is so called because it is the first place to receive sunrise in Oman due to having the highest peak. The temperatures up in the mountain are mild and are usually 10-15°C cooler than down at Al Hamra, pleasant in the summer and cold in the winter (with the occasional snow). Jabal Shams offers various activities for all people, whether you are interested in night photography, demanding hike to the peak, exploring abandoned villages, camping under the stars or just a bit of off-roading. We have visited the mountain on numerous times, for one or a combination of the reasons above.

Jabal Shams for Camping

For many, the main reason to go to Jabal Shams is to camp by the edge of the Canyon, which offers a good escape from the heat in the summer and can be quite cold in the winter months. Depending on who you ask, this is the best place to stay at Jabal Shams and as a camping-lover I can’t disagree with that! The most popular location to camp is right by the edge of the canyon, a short drive after the paved road stops immediately following Jabal Shams Resort. Keep in mind that there are only a few suitable camping spots and they could get crowded on public holidays or weekends during the winter months so you may have to settle elsewhere if all the spots are taken. Alternative options are to camp on the opposite side of the road across the edge, where you could get a more private spot, but be careful while driving there as there are many sharp rocks. Wherever you choose to camp, a beautifully illuminated night sky and an amazing sunrise is likely in store for you!


Jabal Shams for Star Gazing / Night Photography

Jabal Shams is a great place to escape the city lights and gaze at the starlit night sky, and experiment a bit with night photography if you’re into that. The conditions have to be right, as you will need a clear moonless sky, and you could get lucky with a view of the milky way as well. Even though the ‘accessible’ areas are still reasonably fine for this, there is still a bit of light pollution from the nearby hotels and from Al Hamra village in the bottom; therefore, for best results try stargazing closer to the peak, away from light pollution sources, which you will reach if you take the W4 route (more on this later).


Hiking in Jabal Shams:

There are three hiking routes at Jabal Shams: Al Nakhur Rim Hike (W6 Route), Al Khitaym to Wadi Ghul Hike (W6a Route) and the Jabal Shams Summit Hike (W4 Route).

1) Al Nakhur Rim Hike (W6 Route)

This is the most recommended route for casual hikes as it is an easy hike through the rim of the ‘Grand Canyon’ starting from Al Khitaym village. This is the village at the end of the road at Jabal Shams, right at the edge of the canyon. As you get in the village and past the ‘stalls’ set up by the villagers, you will notice the white, red and yellow flags indicating the start of routes W6 & W6a.

The route takes you from Al Khitaym village through the rim of Al Nakhur Canyon, with spectacular views of the canyon and villages in the bottom. The route is well paved with a gentle downward slope, taking you past a couple of corners that are worth a stop to take in the view, all the way to an abandoned village called “Al Sab” where you can see traces of terraced gardens, towers and houses. There is a water pool accessible with a bit of climbing from the village, but it is not immediately obvious how to get there so make sure you follow the route markers. In addition, there is apparently a ‘Via Ferrata’ climbing route up to the Jabal Shams plateau from here, but we have never attempted that (yet!). Overall, the roundtrip hike from Al Khitaym to the abandoned village of Al Sab shouldn’t take you more than 2.5 hours, and is an easy hike suitable for all levels (even for the younger ones).

jabal-shams-12jabal-shams-11 jabal-shams-22

Al Khitaym village on its own is a worth visiting, as it is probably the last remaining form of how villagers used to live up on the mountain. You will villagers offering various trinkets and woven keychains for sale on benches, as well as some fruits and mountain berries. The villagers of Al Khitaym also keep numerous goats and fowls, and probably own all the goats you encounter up on Jabal Shams.


2) Al Khitaym To Wadi Ghul Hike (W6a Route)

Since we haven’t attempted this route yet, we will leave it as a placeholder for when we complete it. However, a google search should get you some information on this route.

3) Jabal Shams Summit Hike (W4 Route)

This is ‘the hike to do‘ in Jabal Shams, and is a steep climb up the plateau all the way to the ‘summit’. To start the hike, you need to take the turn off at the Sama Heights Resort from the main road (which has been re-branded from ‘Jabal Shams Heights Resort‘ which caused confusion due to having Jabal Shams Resort further up), and follow the graded road to a wadi with an open space suitable for parking and a sign indicating the start of the W4 route.

The hike is quite steep and can be demanding especially if you’re a casual hiker. A roundtrip should take anywhere from 10-12 hours, with the ascent taking 5-7 hours depending on how many stops you take. We usually split the hike over two days by camping up near the peak to make the most of the visit and enjoy the hike instead of rushing to do it in a single day. The disadvantage is that during the winter months the weather can get extremely cold, and it is hard to find a suitable flat ground for camping. In addition, carrying the extra load needed (food, water, tent and sleeping bag) on the ascent makes it more challenging. About an hour into the hike, you’ll reach the edge of the canyon with some more great views that are worth stopping at for some photos, and this is a place worth going even if you don’t intend to do the full hike.

Keep in mind that the ‘summit’ reached in the hike is not the actual summit, instead it is ~2,997 m high while the highest summit (~3,009 m high) is a restricted area due to a military outpost.


How to get to Jabal Shams:

Jabal Shams is a about 250 kms from Muscat, and is accessible from Al Hamra village which is about a 2 hour drive from Muscat. The drive from Al Hamra up to Jabal Shams shouldn’t take more than an hour, and is partially paved with large sections that are graded and steep. Even though smaller cars can be occasionally seen up on Jabal Shams, 4WD cars are definitely recommended especially since the steep mountain road  gets occasionally washed out due to rain, becoming impassable for smaller cars. The following map shows all the attractions mentioned in the post:

Places to Stay at Jabal Shams (besides camping)

If you’d like something more than camping, there are a few places up in Jabal Shams. As you drive up you will pass first by Sama Heights Resort and then by Jabal Shams Resort a bit of a drive further up. There is a also a third place called Jabal Shams Sunrise Resort, which is located quite a bit of drive away on the other side of the mountain. I have personally stayed only at ‘Jabal Shams Sunrise Resort’, which is decent enough if you want to running water and a bed to sleep on, but really quite basic so don’t expect anything fancy or overly luxurious. I tend to think it is a bit of the same with the other two (Perhaps! Please share your thoughts in the comments if you have stayed there).

Another option is to stay overnight at Misfat Al Abriyeen in Al Hamra, either after or before going up Jabal Shams. Of course the only place there is the Misfat Old House. This may not be ideal if you’re planning to watch sunrise or star gaze, but worth keeping in mind if you’re not sure where to sleep around in Jabal Shams.



35 Comments + Add Comment

  • […] continue exploring the many other attractions around Al Hamra, such as Al Hoota cave, Wadi Ghul or Jabal Shams. Otherwise, the largest nearby city is Nizwa, or you can just stay at one of the accommodation […]

  • First of all, you have a fantastic blog about Oman with a lot of useful information for a traveler!
    We are coming to Oman in the end of December and have plans to camp around the country as much as possible. But I am wondering what it means for you “quite cold in the winter months” for camping? 🙂
    If the average temperature for Muscat is in december/january 22C, does that mean that we can expact in Jebel Shams and for example also in Wakan and Bilad Sayt around 10-15C? And how much colder does it get by night?

    • Glad to hear you found the information helpful Miha.

      Generally, the numbers you mentioned seems about right and temperatures at night will be a few degrees lower. Now it can occasionally get colder, and if you’re camping in an exposed area with strong winds it may make for a very chilly night. I have personally experienced 0-5°C temperatures camping up at Jabal Shams in January with really cold winds. I haven’t camped near Wakan and Bilad Sayt, but I doubt it’ll get anywhere close to the temperatures at Jabal Shams.

      Obviously, this is manageable especially if you’re used to colder weather, but it is just something to take into account when packing for your camping gear and also choosing your camping spot. I wanted to highlight it, as some might expect to be fine with a t-shirt or a thin jacket 🙂


  • Hi Ali,

    Thanks for the very informative guide it was helpful in planning our trip for February. Was wondering on a few can answer a few questions. Is there a marking for the camping site you mentioned? “a short drive after the paved road stops immediately following Jabal Shams Resort” or is it easily spotted after the Resort?. Also if we plan to do the W6 OR W6A trek can we park the car at the village?


    • Hi Yocoub,

      Glad you found the information helpful. There are no markings showing that this is a camp site, but it hard to miss as it is the area overlooking the canyon immediately after ‘Jabal Shams Resort’. The area gets very popular and unless you go super early you will likely others camping in there too, in which case you may try checking for spots on the other side of the road (which is also handy as there is a bit of shelter from the wind).

      And yes, you can park at the small carpark by the village before the W6 trek!

      Enjoy your trip and let us know if you got any other questions!


  • Hey Ali,

    Thanks for this great post about Jabal Shams. We are planning to hike the W4 also in two days in March and want to camp on the summit of Jabal Shams. At what height did you camp during your W4 hike? And around what time did you arrive at the summit that day?

    Thank you!

    • Hi Stephan,

      Thanks, happy to hear that!

      I don’t quite remember the elevation of the point we camped, but it was not too far off the top (hence why it was freezing cold), if I remember correctly our camping spot was just over an hour or so hike from the summit. We left early in the morning (from our first camp site near the Canyon edge) and reached the summit by 3-4 pm, although you can probably do it much faster as we were quite close that day (it was my first real hiking experience personally that day!).


      • Yes, we did it! I think we camped almost at the same spot, I think it was 2hours from the top at around 2500m height. Great views from there 🙂

        Thanks for the information!

  • Is this safe for a solo traveler? Do you know of any cheap camping stores in muscat for hiring basic utilities, tent & stovetop, pots / fork?

    • Hi Lisa,

      Its pretty safe in Oman for solo travelers, but its best to be with others when going to relatively remote areas/camping, in case you are in an emergency or have a problem etc.. You can buy camping gear from some of the local hypermarkets (Lulu hypermarket, Sultan Center in Qurum etc..), they’re not the best quality but should do for a quick camping trip 🙂


  • Hi,
    Great report on the beauties of Oman!
    I actually think of cycling the 4WD road up to Jebal Shams. However, I found on the internet some information the road is said to be partly prohibited to public because of military restricted areas. I now wonder if it is possible to cycle alle the way up on that road. It is my understanding that the road leads to the northern peak being a restricted area. Do you know which parts of the road are restricted? Is only the northern summit area prohibited but the rest of road permitted to public traffic and cyclists?

    Best regards

    • Hi Rainer,

      Thanks for that! And sorry I missed your comment earlier, hence the late reply!

      You can cycle up to Jabal Shams even from Al Hamra side – I have occasionally came across people cycling when I go there. You just have to just be extra careful as you’ll be sharing the road with cars driving on a dusty road! The portion of the road restricted is tiny compared to the amount you can cycle there, so I wouldn’t let it stop my plans. The portion that is blocked is a service road to the military base, and you will see a sign on the road showing when you are approaching it (it is off the road leading to ‘Jabal Shams Sunrise resort’, not even off the ‘main’ road up in Jabal Shams).

      Hope that helps.


  • Hi Ali

    I got invited by my 85 year old mom for a trip through Oman. I am sooo excited. After seeing your photos even more so!!!!
    Anyway, we will be traveling in May and we will be visiting Jabal Shams May 6th. She signed me up for the W6 hike. I am a pretty avid outdoors person but can’t figure out if I need to carry hiking boots along or if I could do it in my Keens. Those are pretty well protected sandals (more shoes than sandals almost) with solid soles. I use them at home for any hikes that aren’t super long or on glaciers.
    Also, I can’t find the temperatures for this area. We will spend the night in the View Camp close to Al Hamra. Could you help me out with what to bring? I know the rest of the trip will be very hot.
    Thank you so much for the wonderful pictures and tips and I hope you can help me out.

    • Hi Evie,

      I am glad to hear that my photos are having an positive impact 🙂 And I am sure you will enjoy your trip to Oman!

      Now for your questions:
      1) I haven’t personally used ‘Keens’ before but heard great things about them, and I think they’ll suit your requirements for the W6 hike. The hike isn’t difficult and there is a nice path you follow, with little to no scrambling required (during one visit there was a small part covered with rocks due to a landslide, but it was still easy to navigate in my ‘merrell’ sandals, so I wouldn’t worry). So I’d say no need to bring your hiking boots (unless you plan to do other longer hikes of course).

      2) Temperatures by May will start to get hot unfortunately (we are hitting the late 30s here in Muscat already!). I haven’t stayed in Al Hamra over night before; however, The View Hotel near Al Hamra isn’t quite at the same elevation at Jabal Shams and I don’t expect the temperatures to be that much cooler. If I was to guess, I’d say 15-20 will be the absolute minimum at night. Therefore, I would say that just having one light jacket should be enough. If you plan to stay at Jabal Shams past sunset, it might get a bit colder than that though, so if that was the plan maybe just a slightly heavier jacket 🙂

      I hope the above is of some help, feel free to email me if you got any other questions!


  • Hi Ali

    Thank you so much for your response. It was very helpful!
    So, I think I got most of the packing down.
    I do have another question but think I will email you about it. Then I get the response without having to go search for it 🙂

  • Hi, im in Nizwa at the moment thinking about driving tomorrow to Jebel Shams with rebates 2WD Toyota Prius Sedan. Do you know if road has been paved already to the top? I did drive many times in mountains before. I just can’t find anywhere updated information about road from Ghul and further to the top. Thanks for your advice

    • Hi Simon,

      There is only a small section of the road to Jabal Shams that is paved, the major portion is unpaved unfortunately. I have seen small sedan cars all the way at the top on some occassions, but that is highly dependent on the road conditions and how much you are willing to ‘test’ the car 🙂

      Hope that helps.


  • *of course “rented” not “rebates” in comment above 🙂

  • Hi Alimsk, whats the furthest i can go by car where i can get a spectacular view. Im on a time scale and i want to return journey the same day, however I’m in cabal akbar the day before so I’m not sure if there is any point to come here if the view will be relatively the same

    • Hi Mona,

      In my opinion, the view in Jabal Shams is worth the extra drive and it is definitely ‘different’ than Jabal Akhder’s view.. more rugged terrain and a vast beautiful canyon. Depending on how fast you drive, you could take anywhere from 1 to 1.5hr to reach the viewpoint from when you start at Al Hamra. The best viewpoint in my opinion is the ‘balcony walk’ view, just opposite where the stalls were locals sell some souvenirs and immediately off the paved road section before reaching Jabal Shams Resort.

      Hope that helps,


  • Hi Ali, great job! thank you lots for this info:) would like to ask you if you could give us some advice on whether it would be possible to climb Jebel Shams during the night, so that we could watch the sunrise being at the top, and than get down at the early morning, before the real heat starts? Which road to choose? W4?
    W6? Do you know if there are any guides who could help us to get to the top over the night not getting lost?
    thanks for any advice:)

    • Hi Aleksandra,

      Sorry for the late reply!

      I would generally advise against trying to climb at night, especially if it is your first time. Even though the track is reasonably straightforward, it is easy to lose the flag markers during the day, let alone at night! My advise to see sunrise there is to hike during the day and camp up there, and you get to see sunrise over there.

      This generally applies for W4 route, while W6 route (along the canyon rim) is much easier and has a clearly marked path to follow, so that should be possible at night (as long as you are prepared and have enough flashlights etc..).

      I am not aware of any guides offering night treks there; however, there is a few advertising on instagram and such that you may be able to contact. I also do freelance tours from time to time, so flick me an email if you’d like more information 🙂


  • Hey Ali! Great blog!
    Just a quick question. Is it too hot to do this in July? And I’ve read somewhere that it gets really windy at the top so camping is not the best option. Can you please comment on camping conditions near the top.

    Thanks a lot in advance!


    • Hi Zain,

      I have camped there before in July and it was not windy at all, in fact it was great temperature at night! It is true that the it can get quite windy at the top and difficult to find a shelter, but I think its worth a try. Obviously, now we are well past July, so sorry for late response! Winter should be fun to camp there too; however, it can get extremely cold (even 0°C) and with the wind factor it will be very chilly.


      • hi Ali
        just back from balcony walk
        great place

        i believe its the wadi Gul/Nakhr that you see from the top of shams
        is it possible to drive to the wadi from Al Hamra
        plan is to camp at wadi and trek the distance
        hope u see this in time
        planing to do in dec 7/8/9

        • Hi Kapila,

          Glad to see you enjoyed it. Unfortunately, I haven’t explored driving into the wadi before; however, it indeed looks like it is possible to trek inside, and perhaps even drive as I remember seeing some houses way down. Sorry can’t be of more help! Let me know if you manage to go there 🙂


  • […] pietroso, un largo canyon con spuntoni e gole: siamo sui monti Al Hajar e sotto di noi c’è il Jebel Shams, una sorta di Grand Canyon omanita a nord della storica oasi di Nizwa. Spettacolare lo è pure la […]

  • Hi very nice blog and informative..
    I wanted to know if I can use a Mazda 3 1.6 to go to Jebel shams..

    • Hi Rev,


      I’ve seen people drive up Jabal Shams with a small saloon car (like Mazda 3); however, I would not recommend it as the mountain path is uneven and has lots of bumps, so may damage your car. And if the road conditions deteriorate (after rain for example) it may make parts of it inaccessible with the car.


      • Thank You very much Ali for your reply and advice.

        • Sure thing. I was actually up there again yesterday (24-Nov), and was surprised to see quite a few small cars there (including a Toyota Yaris)! Again, I don’t recommend it, but it people are making it up there with it 🙂

  • nice to hear from you Ali
    planning to do wadi Gul in the next two weeks
    will post my experience here

    • Great, keep me posted 🙂 Thanks Kapila

  • Hi Ali,

    Great post and many thanks for the valuable information.
    I am about to go to Oman myself now in December and though time is quite tight, I’d love to spend 1.5 / 2 days in Jabal Shams and do a few treks.

    And I was wondering: how did you get back to the car if you started from Jabal Shams Heights Resort? Did you trek back the same way? Are there any accommodations on the other side -> Qarn al Ghamaydah

    And coming back to camping, reading your post I should expect temperatures dropping to almost 0 Degrees during the night, right?


    • Hi Daniel,

      Thanks, glad to hear you find the information helpful!

      We indeed trekked back down to the same way we came – back to Jabal Shams Heights Resort (it has now been re-branded as Sama Heights Resort – I’ve updated the post with this information). There are no accommodation options near the peak at Qarn al Ghamaydah (I did not know that was the name), so you will need to book one of the three options or camp.

      Indeed, the temperatures will be very low at night in December! I was there last weekend and it was already 14 degC just before sunset, so make sure you are prepared for that 🙂